Peacemakers: American Leadership and the End of Genocide in the Balkans

Peacemakers: American Leadership and the End of Genocide in the Balkans

James Pardew


James Pardew

Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Operations, NATO International Staff,  from August 2005 to August 2008, during NATO operations in Afghanistan and Kosovo and the NATO training mission in Iraq.

 U.S. Ambassador to Bulgaria, 2002-2005, when Bulgaria was admitted to NATO and completed   its accession negotiations for European Union membership.

U.S. negotiator of the Ohrid Agreement preventing a civil war in Macedonia, 2001.

Deputy Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State for Democracy in the Balkans during the conflict in Kosovo and subsequent peace implementation, 1999-2001.  

Director, U.S. Military Train and Equip Program for Bosnia, Department of State, 1996-1999; Original appointment to rank of Ambassador, August 1997.  

Secretary of Defense Representative to Richard Holbrooke’s negotiating team that concluded the Dayton Peace Agreement ending the war in Bosnia, 1995.   

Military service:  Vice Director for Intelligence, J-2, Joint Staff; Director of Foreign Intelligence and Chief of Current Intelligence, Army General Staff during the collapse of the Soviet Union and the first U.S. war with Iraq.  Service abroad while on active duty in the U.S. Army, including assignments in Germany, Turkey, Japan, a combat tour in Vietnam and service in Operation Restore Hope in Somalia.

Member, Council on Foreign Relations.

Awards:  Department of State Distinguished Honor Award, the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Civilian Service, and the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal.  Military decorations include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Legion of Merit (2), Bronze Star (2), and Air Medal. Awarded the Stara Planina Medal by the President of Bulgaria.

 A native of Arkansas, Mr. Pardew is a graduate of the U.S. Army War College. He holds a M.A. in political science (international relations) from Loyola University of Chicago and a B.S. degree in journalism from Arkansas State University. Mr. Pardew and his wife Kathy have three sons.

The wars that accompanied the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s were the deadliest European conflicts since World War II. The violence escalated to the point of genocide when, over the course of ten days in July 1995, Serbian troops under the command of General Ratko Mladic murdered 8,000 unarmed men and boys who had sought refuge at a U.N. safe haven in Srebrenica. Shocked, the United States quickly launched a diplomatic intervention supported by military force that ultimately brought peace to the new nations created when Yugoslavia disintegrated. 

“Peacemakers” is the first inclusive history of the successful multilateral intervention in the Balkans from 1995 to 2008 by an official directly involved in the diplomatic and military responses to the crises. 

A deadly accident near Sarajevo in 1995 thrust Ambassador James W. Pardew into the center of efforts to stop the fighting in Bosnia. In a detailed narrative, he shows how Richard Holbrooke and the United States envoys who followed him helped to stop or prevent vicious wars in Bosnia, Croatia, Kosovo, and Macedonia. Pardew describes the human drama of diplomacy and war, illuminating the motives, character, talents, and weaknesses of the national leaders involved.