Madeleine Albright was the first woman to become U.S. Secretary of State when she was appointed by then-President Clinton in 1996. Born in Czechoslovakia, Albright attended school in Switzerland and in Denver at Kent Denver School, and later majored in political science on a scholarship at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. She became a US citizen in 1957, earning a PhD. in Public Law and Government from Columbia University. She was Ambassador to the United Nations under President Clinton before being appointed Secretary of State. Albright has published three books since leaving public office; her memoir, â€œMadam Secretaryâ€ in 2003, "The Mighty and the Almighty: Reflections on America, God, and World Affairsâ€ in 2006 and recently â€œMemo to the President Elect: How We Can Restore America's Reputation and Leadershipâ€ in 2008. She is also the chairperson of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs and president of the Truman Scholarship Foundation.